Skip Headers
Oracle® Database Client Installation Guide
11g Release 2 (11.2) for Linux

Part Number E10841-03
Go to Documentation Home
Home
Go to Book List
Book List
Go to Table of Contents
Contents
Go to Index
Index
Go to Master Index
Master Index
Go to Feedback page
Contact Us

Go to previous page
Previous
Go to next page
Next
View PDF

B Installing Oracle Database Client Using Response Files

This appendix describes how to use response files to perform a silent or response file installation of Oracle Database Client. It includes information about the following topics:

B.1 How Response Files Work?

You can automate the installation and configuration of Oracle software, either fully or partially, by specifying a response file when you start Oracle Universal Installer. Oracle Universal Installer uses the values contained in the response file to provide answers to some or all of Oracle Universal Installer prompt. It includes information about the following topics:

Typically, Oracle Universal Installer runs in interactive mode, which means that it prompts you to provide information in graphical user interface (GUI) screens. When you use response files to provide this information, you run Oracle Universal Installer at a command prompt using either of the following modes:

You define the settings for a silent or response file installation by entering values for the variables listed in the response file. For instance, to specify the Oracle home location, you would supply the appropriate value for the ORACLE_HOME variable as follows:

ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1

Another way of specifying the response file's variable settings is to pass them as command line arguments when you run Oracle Universal Installer. For example:

-silent ORACLE_HOME=/u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/dbhome_1

In this command, directory_path is the path of the database directory on the DVD or the path of the Disk1 directory on the hard drive.

This method is particularly useful if you do not want to embed sensitive information, such as passwords, in the response file. For example:

-silent "s_dlgRBOPassword=binks342" ...

Ensure that you enclose the variable and its setting in quotes.

See Also:

Oracle Universal Installer and OPatch User's Guide for Windows and UNIX for more information about response file formats.

B.1.1 Reasons for Using Silent Mode or Response File Mode

The following table describes several reasons why you might want to run Oracle Universal Installer in silent mode or response file mode.

Mode Uses
Silent Use silent mode if you want to:
  • Complete an unattended installation, which you might schedule using an operating system utility such as cron.

  • Complete several similar installations on multiple systems without user interaction.

  • Install the software on a system that does not have X Window System software installed on it.

Oracle Universal Installer displays progress information in the terminal that you used to start it, but it does not display any of Oracle Universal Installer screens.

Response file Use response file mode if you want to complete similar Oracle software installations on more than one system, providing default answers to some, but not all of Oracle Universal Installer prompts.

In response file mode, all the installer screens are displayed, but defaults for the fields in these screens are provided by the response file. You have to provide information for the fields in screens where you have not provided values in the response file.


B.1.2 General Procedure for Using Response Files

The following are the general steps to install and configure Oracle products using Oracle Universal Installer in silent or response file mode:

Note:

You must complete all required preinstallation tasks on a system before running Oracle Universal Installer in silent or response file mode.
  1. Create the oraInst.loc file.

  2. Prepare a response file.

  3. Run Oracle Universal Installer in silent or response file mode.

  4. If you completed a software-only installation, then run Net Configuration Assistant and Database Configuration Assistant in silent or response file mode if required.

These steps are described in the following sections.

B.2 Preparing a Response File

This section describes the following methods to prepare a response file for use during silent mode or response file mode installations:

B.2.1 Editing a Response File Template

This method is useful for the Enterprise Edition, or Standard Edition installation types.

Oracle provides response file templates for each product and installation type, and for each configuration tool. These files are located in the client\response directory on the Oracle Database installation media.

Note:

If you copied the software to a hard disk, the response files are located in the database/response directory.

Table B-1 lists the response files provided with Oracle Database.

Table B-1 Response Files

Response File Description

client_install.rsp

Client installation of Oracle Database Client.

netca.rsp

Oracle Net Configuration Assistant to perform the configuration with the client installation types.


To copy and modify a response file:

  1. Copy the response file from the response file directory to a directory on your system:

    $ cp /directory_path/response/response_file.rsp local_directory
    

    In this example, directory_path is the path to the database directory on the installation media. If you have copied the software to a hard drive, then you can edit the file in the response directory if you prefer.

  2. Open the response file in a text editor:

    $ vi /local_dir/response_file.rsp
    

    Remember that you can specify sensitive information, such as passwords, at the command line rather than within the response file. "How Response Files Work?" explains this method.

    See Also:

    Oracle Universal Installer and OPatch User's Guide for Windows and UNIX for detailed information on creating response files
  3. Follow the instructions in the file to edit it.

    Note:

    Oracle Universal Installer or configuration assistant fails if you do not correctly configure the response file. Refer to "Silent-Mode Response File Error Handling" section for more information about troubleshooting a failed silent-mode installation.

B.2.2 Recording a Response File

You can use Oracle Universal Installer in interactive mode to record a response file, which you can edit and then use to complete silent mode or response file mode installations. This method is useful for custom or software-only installations.

Starting with Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2), you can save all the installation steps into a response file during installation. You can click the Save Response File button on the Summary page to do this. Later, this file can be used for a silent installation.

When you record the response file, you can either complete the installation, or you can exit from Oracle Universal Installer on the Summary page, before it starts to copy the software to the system.

If you use record mode during a response file mode installation, then Oracle Universal Installer records the variable values that were specified in the original source response file into the new response file.

Note:

You cannot use record mode to create a response file during an installation that uses the Basic installation method.

To record a response file:

  1. Complete the preinstallation tasks listed in Chapter 2.

    When you run Oracle Universal Installer to record a response file, it checks the system to verify that it meets the requirements to install the software. For this reason, Oracle recommends that you complete all of the required preinstallation tasks and record the response file while completing an installation.

  2. If you have not installed Oracle software on this system previously, create the oraInst.loc file, as described in "Creating the Oracle Inventory Group".

  3. Ensure that the Oracle software owner user (typically, oracle) has permissions to create or write to the Oracle home path that you will specify when you run Oracle Universal Installer.

  4. On each Oracle Universal Installer screen, specify the required information.

  5. When Oracle Universal Installer displays the Summary screen, perform the following actions:

    1. Click Save Response File and specify a file name and location to save the values for the response file.

    2. Click Finish to create the response file and continue with the installation.

    3. Click Cancel if you only want to create the response file but not continue with the installation. The installation will stop, but the settings you have entered will be recorded in the response file.

  6. If you do not complete the installation, then delete the Oracle home directory that Oracle Universal Installer created using the path you specified on the Specify Installation Location screen.

  7. Before using the recorded response file on another system, edit the file and make any required changes.

    Use the instructions in the file as a guide when editing it.

B.3 Running Oracle Universal Installer Using a Response File

Now, you are ready to run Oracle Universal Installer at the command line, specifying the response file you created, to perform the installation. The Oracle Universal Installer executable, runInstaller, provides several options. For help information on the full set of these options, run the runInstaller command with the -help option, for example:

$ directory_path/runInstaller -help

The help information appears in a window after some time.

To run Oracle Universal Installer using a response file:

  1. Complete the preinstallation tasks listed in Chapter 2.

  2. Log in as the Oracle software owner user (typically, oracle).

  3. If you are completing a response file mode installation, set the DISPLAY environment variable.

    Note:

    You do not have to set the DISPLAY environment variable if you are completing a silent-mode installation.
  4. To start Oracle Universal Installer in silent or response file mode, enter a command similar to the following:

    $ /directory_path/runInstaller [-silent] [-noconfig] \
     -responseFile responsefilename
    

    Note:

    Do not specify a relative path to the response file. If you specify a relative path, then Oracle Universal Installer fails.

    In this example:

    • directory_path is the path of the database directory on the DVD or the path of the Disk1 directory on the hard drive.

    • -silent indicates that you want to run Oracle Universal Installer in silent mode.

    • -noconfig suppresses running the configuration assistants during installation, and a software-only installation is performed instead.

    • responsefilename is the full path and file name of the installation response file that you configured.

    Note:

    For more information about other options for the runInstaller command, enter the following command:
    $ /directory_path/runInstaller -help
    
  5. When the installation completes, log in as the root user and run the root.sh script:

    $ sudo sh
    password:
    # /oracle_home_path/root.sh
    

As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases.