|Oracle® Database Quick Installation Guide
11g Release 2 (11.2) for Solaris Operating System (SPARC 64-Bit)
Part Number E10863-01
Quick Installation Guide
11g Release 2 (11.2) for Solaris Operating System (SPARC 64-Bit)
This guide describes how to quickly install Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2) on Solaris Operating System (SPARC 64-Bit) systems. It includes information about the following:
This guide describes how to install Oracle Database by using the default installation options.
Tasks Described in This Guide
The procedures in this guide describe how to:
Configure your system to support Oracle Database
Install Oracle Database on a local file system by using the Typical Installation option
Configure a general-purpose Oracle Database installation that uses the local file system for database file storage
Results of a Successful Installation
After you successfully install Oracle Database:
The database that you created and the default Oracle Net listener process run on the system.
Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control run and can be accessed by using a Web browser.
Tasks Not Described in This Guide
This guide covers the Typical Installation scenario and does not describe how to complete the following tasks:
Using the Advanced Installation option to install the software
Installing the software on a system that has an existing Oracle software installation
Installing Oracle Clusterware and Oracle Real Application Clusters (RAC) on a cluster
Enabling Enterprise Manager e-mail notifications or automated backups
Using alternative storage options such as Automatic Storage Management
Installing and configuring Oracle grid infrastructure
Where to Get Additional Installation Information
For more information about installing Oracle Database, including information about the tasks not described in this guide, refer to one of the following guides:
If you want to install the software on a single system, then refer to Oracle Database Installation Guide.
If you want to perform a Oracle Real Application Clusters installation, then refer to Oracle Grid Infrastructure Installation Guide and Oracle Real Application Clusters Installation Guide. These guides describe how to install Oracle Clusterware and Oracle Real Application Clusters. Oracle clusterware is a prerequisite for Oracle Real Application Clusters installations.
All these guides are available on the product disc. To access them, use a Web browser to open the
welcome.htm file located in the top-level directory of the installation media, and then select the Documentation tab.
Before you install Oracle Database, you must complete several tasks as the
root user. To log in as the
root user, complete one of the following procedures:
Note:You must install the software from an X Window System workstation, an X terminal, or a PC or other system with X server software installed.
If you are installing the software from an X Window System workstation or X terminal, then perform the following:
Start a local terminal session, for example, an X terminal (
If you are not installing the software on the local system, then enter the following command to enable the remote host to display X applications on the local X server:
$ xhost fully_qualified_remote_host_name
$ xhost somehost.us.example.com
If you are not installing the software on the local system, then use the
telnet command to connect to the system where you want to install the software:
$ telnet fully_qualified_remote_host_name
If you are not logged in as the
root user, then enter the following command to switch user to
$ su - password: #
If you are installing the software from a PC or other system with X server software installed, then:
Note:If necessary, refer to your X server documentation for more information about completing this procedure. Depending on the X server software that you are using, you may need to complete the tasks in a different order.
Start the X server software.
Configure the security settings of the X server software to permit remote hosts to display X applications on the local system.
Connect to the remote system where you want to install the software, and start a terminal session on that system, for example, an X terminal (
If you are not logged in as the
root user on the remote system, then enter the following command to switch user to
$ su - password: #
The system must meet the following minimum hardware requirements:
The following are the memory requirements for installing Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2):
At least 1 GB of RAM
To determine the physical RAM size, enter the following command:
# /usr/sbin/prtconf | grep "Memory size"
If the size of the physical RAM is less than the required size, then you must install more memory before continuing.
The following table describes the relationship between installed RAM and the configured swap space requirement:
Note:On Solaris, if you use non-swappable memory, like ISM, then you should deduct the memory allocated to this space from the available RAM before calculating swap space.
|Between 1 GB and 2 GB||1.5 times the size of RAM|
|Between 2 GB and 16 GB||Equal to the size of RAM|
|More than 16 GB||16 GB|
To determine the size of the configured swap space, enter the following command:
# /usr/sbin/swap -l
Note:The output of this command shows the total/available swap blocks, where each block is equal to 512 bytes and not 1 KB.
To determine the available RAM and swap space, enter the following command:
# sar -r -i n
where, n is the number of seconds to delay for the next iterations and i is the number of iterations you want to test.
Note:Oracle recommends that you take multiple values for the available RAM and swap space before freezing on a value. This is because the available RAM and swap space keep changing depending on the user interactions with the computer.
To determine whether the system architecture can run the software, enter the following command:
# /bin/isainfo -kv
This command displays the processor type. Verify that the processor architecture matches the Oracle software release that you want to install. If you do not see the expected output, then you cannot install the software on this system.
The following are the disk space requirements for installing Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2):
At least 1 GB of disk space in the
To determine the amount of disk space available in the
/tmp directory, enter the following command:
# df -k /tmp
This command displays disk space in 1 kilobyte blocks. On most systems, you can use the
df command with the
-h flag (
df -h) to display output in "human-readable" format
If there is less than 1 GB of free disk space available in the
/tmp directory, then complete one of the following steps:
Delete unnecessary files from the
/tmp directory to meet the disk space requirement.
TMPDIR environment variables when setting the
oracle user's environment.
See Also:"Configuring the oracle User's Environment" for more information on setting
Extend the file system that contains the
/tmp directory. If necessary, contact the system administrator for information about extending file systems.
# df -k
|Installation Type||Requirement for Software Files (GB)|
|Standard Edition One||4.62|
|Custom (Enterprise Edition + custom install options)||4.71|
Additional disk space, either on a file system or on an Automatic Storage Management disk group is required for the fast recovery area if you choose to configure automated backups.
Depending on the products that you intend to install, verify that the following software are installed on the system.
Note:Oracle Universal Installer performs checks on the system to verify that it meets the listed requirements. To ensure that these checks pass, verify the requirements before you start Oracle Universal Installer.
The following are the operating system requirements for Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2):
Solaris 10 U6 (5.10-2008.10)
# uname -r 5.10
In this example, the version shown is Solaris 10 (5.10). If necessary, refer to your operating system documentation for information about upgrading the operating system.
To determine the update level of Solaris installed, enter the following command:
$ cat /etc/release
The following packages (or later versions) are required for Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2):
119963-14 or later (SunOS 5.10: Shared library patch for C++)
120753-06 or later (SunOS 5.10: Microtasking libraries (libmtsk) patch)
139574-03 or later (SunOS 5.10)
The following patch is optional and may be required depending on your needs:
124861-15 or later (SunOS 5.10 Compiler Common patch for Sun C C++)
You may also require additional font packages for Java, depending on your locale. Refer to the following Web site for more information:
# pkginfo -i SUNWarc SUNWbtool SUNWhea SUNWlibc SUNWlibms SUNWsprot \ SUNWtoo SUNWi1of SUNWi1cs SUNWi15cs SUNWxwfnt
If a package is not installed, then install it. Refer to your operating system or software documentation for information about installing packages.
Sun One Studio 12 (C and C++ 5.9) is supported with Pro*C/C++, Oracle Call Interface, Oracle C++ Call Interface, and Oracle XML Developer's Kit (XDK) for Oracle Database 11g Release 2.
Depending on the components you want to use, you must ensure that the following software are installed:
Oracle Messaging Gateway supports the integration of Oracle Streams Advanced Queuing (AQ) with the following software:
You can use JDK 6 Update 10 (Java SE Development Kit
1.6 u10) or JDK 5 (
1.5.0_16) with the JNDI extension with the Oracle Java Database Connectivity and Oracle Call Interface drivers. However, these are not mandatory for the database installation. Please note that JDK 1.5.0 is installed with this release.
Netscape Navigator 8.1
Netscape Navigator 9.0
Microsoft Internet Explorer 6.0 SP2
Microsoft Internet Explorer 7.0
Microsoft Internet Explorer 7.0 SP1
Microsoft Internet Explorer 8.0
The following or later patches are required for Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2) for Solaris:
|Installation Type or Product||Requirement|
|All installations||Patches for Solaris 10:
|Pro*C/C++, Pro*FORTRAN, Oracle Call Interface, Oracle C++ Call Interface, Oracle XML Developer's Kit (XDK)||Patches For Solaris 10:
|Database Smart Flash Cache (An Enterprise Edition only feature.)||The following patches are required for Solaris Operating System (SPARC 64-Bit) if you are using the flash cache feature:
125555-03 140796-01 140899-01 141016-01 139555-08 141414-10 141736-05
# /usr/sbin/patchadd -p | grep patch_number(without version number)
For example, to determine if any version of the 119963 patch is installed, use the following command:
# /usr/sbin/patchadd -p | grep 119963
The following local operating system groups and users are required if you are installing Oracle Database:
The Oracle Inventory group (typically,
The OSDBA group (typically,
The Oracle software owner (typically,
The OSOPER group (Optional. Typically,
To determine whether these groups and users already exist, and if necessary, to create them, follow these steps:
To determine whether the
oinstall group exists, enter the following command:
# more /var/opt/oracle/oraInst.loc
If the output of this command shows the
oinstall group name, then the group already exists.
oraInst.loc file exists, then the output from this command is similar to the following:
inst_group parameter shows the name of the Oracle Inventory group,
To determine whether the
dba group exists, enter the following command:
# grep dba /etc/group
If the output from this commands shows the
dba group name, then the group already exists.
If necessary, enter the following commands to create the
# /usr/sbin/groupadd oinstall # /usr/sbin/groupadd dba
To determine whether the
oracle user exists and belongs to the correct groups, enter the following command:
# id -a oracle
oracle user exists, this command displays information about the groups to which the user belongs. The output should be similar to the following, indicating that
oinstall is the primary group and
dba is a secondary group:
uid=440(oracle) gid=200(oinstall) groups=201(dba),202(oper)
If necessary, complete one of the following actions:
oracle user exists, but its primary group is not
oinstall or it is not a member of the
dba group, then enter the following command:
# /usr/sbin/usermod -g oinstall -G dba oracle
oracle user does not exist, enter the following command to create it:
# /usr/sbin/useradd -g oinstall -G dba oracle
This command creates the
oracle user and specifies
oinstall as the primary group and
dba as the secondary group.
Enter the following command to set the password of the
# passwd -r files oracle
On Solaris 10, verify that the kernel parameters shown in the following table are set to values greater than or equal to the recommended value shown. The table also contains the resource controls that replace the
/etc/system file for a specific kernel parameter. As Oracle Database does not set project information when starting processes, some
/etc/system processes that are deprecated but not removed must still be set for Oracle Database.
The kernel parameter and shell limit values shown in this section are recommended values only. For production database systems, Oracle recommends that you tune these values to optimize the performance of the system. Refer to your operating system documentation for more information about tuning kernel parameters.
On Solaris 10, you are not required to make changes to the
/etc/system file to implement the System V IPC. Solaris 10 uses the resource control facility for its implementation. However, Oracle recommends that you set both resource control and
/etc/system/ parameters. Operating system parameters not replaced by resource controls continue to affect performance and security on Solaris 10 systems. For further information, contact your Sun vendor.
|Parameter||Replaced by Resource Control||Recommended Value|
To display the current values of the resource control, enter the following commands:
$ id -p // to verify the project id uid=100(oracle) gid=100(dba) projid=1 (group.dba) $ prctl -n project.max-shm-memory -i project group.dba $ prctl -n project.max-sem-ids -i project group.dba
To modify the value of max-shm-memory to 6 GB:
# prctl -n project.max-shm-memory -v 6gb -r -i project group.dba
To modify the value of max-sem-ids to 256:
# prctl -n project.max-sem-ids -v 256 -r -i project group.dba
Note:When you use the
prctlcommand (Resource Control) to change system parameters, you do not need to restart the system for these parameter changes to take effect. However, the changed parameters do not persist after a system restart.
Use the following procedure to modify the resource control project settings, so that they persist after a system restart:
By default, Oracle instances are run as the
oracle user of the
dba group. A project with the name group.dba is created to serve as the default project for the oracle user. Run the command id to verify the default project for the oracle user:
# su - oracle $ id -p uid=100(oracle) gid=100(dba) projid=100(group.dba) $ exit
To set the maximum shared memory size to 2 GB, run the
# projmod -sK "project.max-shm-memory=(privileged,2G,deny)" group.dba
Alternatively, add the resource control value project.max-shm-memory=(privileged,2147483648,deny) to the last field of the project entries for the Oracle project.
After these steps are complete, check the values for the
/etc/project file using the following command:
# cat /etc/project
The output should be similar to the following:
system:0:::: user.root:1:::: noproject:2:::: default:3:::: group.staff:10:::: group.dba:100:Oracle default project:::project.max-shmmemory=(privileged,2147483648,deny)
To verify that the resource control is active, check process ownership, and run the commands
prctl, as in the following example:
# su - oracle $ id -p uid=100(oracle) gid=100(dba) projid=100(group.dba) $ prctl -n project.max-shm-memory -i process $$ process: 5754: -bash NAME PRIVILEGE VALUE FLAG ACTION RECIPIENT project.max-shm-memory privileged 2.00GB - deny
Note:The value for the maximum shared memory depends on the SGA requirements and should be set to a value greater than the SGA size.
For additional information, refer to the Solaris Tunable Parameters Reference Manual.
Create directories with names similar to the following, and specify the correct owner, group, and permissions for them:
The Oracle base directory
An optional Oracle data file directory
Before you create an Oracle base directory, you must identify an appropriate file system with sufficient free disk space.
Note:If you do not want to create a separate Oracle data file directory, you can install the data files in a subdirectory of the Oracle base directory. However, this is not recommended for production databases.
To determine where to create these directories:
Enter the following command to display information about all mounted file systems:
# df -k
This command displays information about all the file systems mounted on the system, including:
The physical device name
The total amount, used amount, and available amount of disk space, in kilobytes
The mount point directory for that file system
From the display, identify either one or two file systems that meet the disk space requirements mentioned earlier in this section.
Note the name of the mount point directory for each file system that you identified.
In the following examples,
/u01 is the mount point directory used for the software, and
/u02 is the mount point directory used for the Oracle data file directory. You must specify the appropriate mount point directories for the file systems on your system.
To create the required directories and specify the correct owner, group, and permissions for them:
Note:In the following procedure, replace
/u02with the appropriate mount point directories that you identified in Step 3 previously.
Enter the following command to create subdirectories in the mount point directory that you identified for the Oracle base directory:
# mkdir -p /u01/app/oracle
If you intend to use a second file system for the Oracle Database files, then create an
oradata subdirectory in the mount point directory that you identified for the Oracle data file directory (shown as
/u02 in the examples):
# mkdir /u02/oradata
Change the owner and group of the directories that you created to the
oracle user and the
# chown -R oracle:oinstall /u01/app/oracle # chown -R oracle:oinstall /u02/oradata
Change the permissions on the directories that you created to 775:
# chmod -R 775 /u01/app/oracle # chmod -R 775 /u02/oradata
You run Oracle Universal Installer from the
oracle account. However, before you start Oracle Universal Installer, you must configure the environment of the
oracle user. To configure the environment, you must:
Set the default file mode creation mask (
umask) to 022 in the shell startup file.
DISPLAY environment variable.
To set the
oracle user's environment:
Start a new terminal session.
Enter the following command to ensure that X Window applications can display on this system:
$ xhost fully_qualified_remote_host_name
Complete one of the following steps:
If the terminal session is not connected to the system where you want to install the software, then log in to that system as the
If the terminal session is connected to the system where you want to install the software, then switch user to
$ su - oracle
To determine the default shell for the
oracle user, enter the following command:
$ echo $SHELL
oracle user's shell startup file in any text editor:
C shell (
% vi .login
Enter or edit the following line in the shell startup file, specifying a value of 022 for the default file mode creation mask:
ORACLE_BASE environment variable is set in the file, then remove the appropriate lines from the file.
Save the file, and exit from the editor.
To run the shell startup script, enter the following command:
Bourne shell, Bash shell on SUSE, or Korn shell:
$ . ./.profile
% source ./.login
If you are not installing the software on the local computer, then run the following command on the remote computer to set the
Bourne, Bash or Korn shell:
$ export DISPLAY=local_host:0.0
% setenv DISPLAY local_host:0.0
In this example,
local_host is the host name or IP address of the local computer that you want to use to display Oracle Universal Installer.
Run the following command on the remote computer to check if the shell and the
DISPLAY environmental variable are set correctly:
echo $SHELL echo $DISPLAY
Now to enable X applications, run the following commands on the local computer:
$ xhost + fully_qualified_remote_host_name
To verify that X applications display is set properly, run a X11 based program that comes with the operating system such as
In this example,
xclock_path is the directory path. For example, you can find
/usr/X11R6/bin/xclocks. If the
DISPLAY variable is set properly, then you can see
xclock on your computer screen.
See Also:PC-X Server or Operating System vendor documents for further assistance
If you determined that the
/tmp directory had insufficient free disk space when checking the hardware requirements, then enter the following commands to set the
TMPDIR environment variables. Specify a directory on a file system with sufficient free disk space.
Bourne, Bash, or Korn shell:
$ TMP=/directory $ TMPDIR=/directory $ export TMP TMPDIR
% setenv TEMP /directory % setenv TMPDIR /directory
Enter commands similar to the following to set the
ORACLE_SID environment variables:
Bourne, Bash, or Korn shell:
$ ORACLE_BASE=/u01/app/oracle $ ORACLE_SID=sales $ export ORACLE_BASE ORACLE_SID
% setenv ORACLE_BASE /u01/app/oracle % setenv ORACLE_SID sales
In these examples,
/u01/app/oracle is the Oracle base directory that you created earlier, and
sales is the name that you want to call the database (typically no more than five characters).
Enter the following commands to ensure that the
TNS_ADMIN environment variables are not set:
Bourne, Bash, or Korn shell:
$ unset ORACLE_HOME $ unset TNS_ADMIN
% unsetenv ORACLE_HOME % unsetenv TNS_ADMIN
To verify that the environment has been set correctly, enter the following commands:
$ umask $ env | more
Verify that the
umask command displays a value of
0022 and the environment variables that you set in this section have the correct values.
On most Solaris systems, the product disc mounts automatically when you insert it into the drive. If the disc does not mount automatically, then follow these steps to mount it:
Switch user to root:
$ su - root
If necessary, enter a command similar to the following to eject the currently mounted disc, then remove it from the drive:
Insert the disc into the disc drive.
To verify that the disc mounted automatically, enter a command similar to the following:
# ls /dvd/dvd0
If this command fails to display the contents of the disc, then enter a command similar to the following:
# /usr/sbin/mount -r -F hsfs /dev/dsk/cxtydzs2 /dvd
In this example,
/dvd is the disc mount point directory and
/dev/dsk/cxtydzs2 is the device name for the disc device, for example
If Oracle Universal Installer displays the Disk Location dialog box, then enter the disc mount point directory path. For example:
Disc mounted automatically:
Disc mounted manually:
After configuring the
oracle user's environment, start Oracle Universal Installer and install Oracle Database as follows:
To start Oracle Universal Installer, enter the following command:
If Oracle Universal Installer does not start, then refer to Oracle Database Installation Guide for information about how to troubleshoot X Window display problems.
The following table describes the recommended action for each Oracle Universal Installer screen. Use the following guidelines to complete the installation:
If you need more assistance, or if you want to choose an option that is not a default, then click Help for additional information.
If you encounter errors while installing or linking the software, then refer to Oracle Database Installation Guide for information about troubleshooting.
Note:If you have completed the tasks listed previously, then you can complete the installation by choosing the default values on most screens.
|Configure Security Updates||Enter your e-mail address, preferably your My Oracle Support (formerly OracleMetaLink) e-mail address or user name in the Email field.
You can select the I wish to receive security updates via My Oracle Support check box to receive security updates.
Enter your My Oracle Support (formerly OracleMetaLink) password in the My Oracle Support Password field.
|Select Installation Option||Select Create and Configure a Database from the following list of available options, then click Next:
|System Class||Select Server Class from the following options to install the database, and click Next.
|Grid Installation Options||Select Single instance database installation for the type of database installation you want to perform, and click Next.
|Select Install Type||Select Typical Installation as the installation type from the following options, and then click Next:
|Typical Install Configuration||Enter the following information as per your requirements:
Oracle base: The Oracle base path appears by default. You can change the path based on your requirement.
Software location: In the Software Location section, accept the default values or enter the Oracle home name and directory path in which you want to install Oracle components. The directory path should not contain spaces.
Storage Type: Select File System, or Automatic Storage Management as the database storage option.
Database file location: If you select File System as your storage type, then click Browse and specify a database file location.
ASMSNMP Password: If you select Automatic Storage Management as your Storage Type, then specify the password for the ASMSNMP user.
Database Edition: Select the database edition that you want to install.
OSDBA Group: The OSDBA group is selected by default. You can also select the OSDBA group from the list.
Administrative password: Enter the password for the privileged database account.
Confirm Password: Reenter, and confirm the password for the privileged database account.
Click Next to continue.
|Create Inventory||This screen is displayed only during the first installation of Oracle products on a system.
Specify the full path of the Oracle Inventory directory. Ensure that the operating system group selected is
|Perform Prerequisite Checks||Verify that all the prerequisite checks succeed, and then click Next.
Oracle Universal Installer checks the system to verify that it is configured correctly to run Oracle software. If you have completed all the preinstallation steps in this guide, all the checks should pass.
If a check fails, then review the cause of the failure listed for that check on the screen. If possible, rectify the problem and rerun the check. Alternatively, if you are satisfied that your system meets the requirements, then you can select the check box for the failed check to manually verify the requirement.
|Summary||Review the information displayed on this screen, and then click Finish.
Note: Starting with Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2), you can save all the installation steps into a response file by clicking Save Response File. Later, this file can be used for a silent installation.
|Install product||This screen states the progress of a database installation. After the database is installed, you are prompted to execute some root configuration script for new inventory as the
This screen then displays the status information for the configuration assistants that configure the software and create a database.
Finally, a message is displayed at the end of Database Configuration Assistant process, and click OK.
|Finish||This screen is shown automatically when all the configuration tools are successful.
If you plan to use the following products or features, then download and install the products from the Oracle Database Examples media:
Oracle JDBC Development Drivers
Oracle Database Examples
Oracle Context Companion
Various Oracle product demonstrations
For information about installing software and various Oracle product demonstrations from the Oracle Database Examples media, refer to Oracle Database Examples Installation Guide.
To become familiar with this release of Oracle Database, it is recommended that you complete the following tasks:
Log in to Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control using a Web browser.
Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control is a Web-based application that you can use to manage a single Oracle Database installation. The default URL for Database Control is similar to the following:
To log in, use the user name SYS and connect as SYSDBA. Use the password that you specified for this user during the Oracle Database 10g installation.
Refer to Oracle Database Installation Guide for Solaris Operating System for information about required and optional postinstallation tasks, depending on the products that you want to use.
Refer to Oracle Database Installation Guide for Solaris Operating System for information about how to use Database Control to learn about the configuration of your installed database.
To learn more about using Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control to administer a database, refer to Oracle Database 2 Day DBA.
The Oracle Database 2 Day DBA is designed for new Oracle DBAs and describes how to use Database Control to manage all aspects of an Oracle Database installation. It also provides information about how to enable e-mail notifications and automated backups, which you might not have configured during the installation.
This section contains information about the following:
You are welcome to install and evaluate the products included in this media pack for 30 days under the terms of the Trial License Agreement. However, you must purchase a program license if you want to continue using any product after the 30 day evaluation period. See the following section for information about purchasing program licenses.
Purchasing Licenses and Version Updates
You can purchase program licenses and updated versions of Oracle products from the Oracle Store Web site:
Contacting Oracle Support Services
If you have purchased Oracle Product Support, you can call Oracle Support Services for assistance 24 hours a day, seven days a week. For information about purchasing Oracle Product Support or contacting Oracle Support Services, go to the Oracle Support Services Web site:
Locating Product Documentation
Documentation for Oracle products is available in both HTML and Adobe portable document format (PDF) formats from several locations:
On discs in the media pack:
Platform-specific documentation is available on the product discs. To access this documentation, see the
welcome.htm file located in the top-level directory of the installation media.
Generic product documentation is available in the Oracle Documentation Library.
From the Oracle Technology Network Web site:
To view PDF documents, download the free Adobe Acrobat Reader from the Adobe Web site, if necessary:
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Oracle Database Client Installation Guide, 11g Release 2 (11.2) for Solaris Operating System (SPARC 64-Bit)
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